Tuesday Feb. 3

We are continuing our work today with reading information texts. Yesterday we looked at three different informational text structures:

Problem/Solution: The author will introduce a problem and tell us how the problem could be fixed. There may be one solution to fix the problem or several different solutions mentioned.

Cause/Effect: The author describes something that has happened which has had an effect on or caused something else to happen. It could be a good effect or a bad effect. There may be more than one cause and there may also be more than one effect. (Many times, problem/solution and cause and effect seem like “cousins” because they can be together.

Compare/Contrast: The author’s purpose is to tell you how two things are the same and how they are different by comparing them.

You read the article 7 Billion and Counting yesterday and identified the main idea, structure of the text, and supporting ideas. Today, we will look at the structure of each paragraph and how that contributes to the overall central idea of the article.

Now try with this article on HIV-invected people in India.


Writing/Grammar Work

One way to make our writing stronger is with sentence fluency. Because of the complexity of the informational texts we are writing, combining sentences can help with clarity and conciseness. Let’s look at using subordinating conjunctions to help us do just that.

Now go back to your Africa mini-research paper. Did you use this structure? Find two to three places where you could use this to combine sentences and write them in your readers notebook.


For homework, you need to prepare for the final Africa book club tomorrow. Use the Africa Book Club doc.

Rhetorical Appeals and a Sample Speech

Today we reviewed the three rhetorical appeals: ethos, logos and pathos. This video showed us how these appeals are used in advertising.

We then looked at a student speech together and in groups, you analyzed the speech for either ethos, logos or pathos.

Speech Transcript

—Writing Workshop—
You were given time in class to brainstorm different topics that you might want to persuade an audience on. I asked that you develop a claim and three main points to support that claim by the start of class tomorrow. We discussed that there are three types of claims:

  • a statement of fact where you claim that something is true or not true –
    • “Although organic milk is more expensive, it benefits the animals, environment and you.”
  • a statement of value where you claim that something has or does not have worth –
    • “Organic milk is better than non-organic milk”
  • a statement of policy where you claim that something should or should not be done –
    • “AES should switch to organic milk.”